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English Grammar in Use

001 english grammar in use present continuous

Present continuous (I am doing)

A Study this example situation :

Sarah is in her car. She is on her way to work.
She is driving to work. (= She is driving …)

This means : she is driving now, at the time of speaking. The action is not finished.

am / is / are + -ing is the present continuous :

Iam( = I’m)driving
he / she / itis( = he’s etc.)working
we / you / theyare( = we’re etc.)doing etc.

B I am doing something = I started doing it and I haven’t finished ; I’m in the middle of doing it.

○ Please don’t make so much noise. I’m trying to work. (not I try)
○ ‘Where’s Mark?’ ‘He’s having a shower.’ (not He has a shower)
○ Let’s go out now. It isn’t raining any more. (not lt doesn’t rain)
○ How’s your new job? Are you enjoying it?
○ What’s all that noise? What’s going on? or What’s happening?

Sometimes the action is not happening at the time of speaking. For example:

Steve is talking to a friend on the phone. He says :
I’m reading a really good book at the moment. it’s about a man who …

Steve says ‘I’m reading …’ but he is not reading the book at the time of speaking.
He means that he has started reading the book, but has not finished it yet. He is in the middle of reading it.

Some more examples :
○ Kate wants to work in Italy, so she’s learning Italian. (but perhaps she isn’t learning Italian at the time of speaking)
○ Some friends of mine are building their own house. They hope to finish it next summer.

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Advanced Grammar in Use

İleri Seviyesi İngilizce Dilbilgisi

BRITISH ENGLISH – CEF LEVEL: C1 – C2

Kategoriler
English Grammar in Use

Orta Seviyesi İngilizce Dilbilgisi

BRITISH ENGLISH- CEF LEVEL: B1 – B2

1.) Present and Past

Unit 1 : Present continuous (I am doing)

1.1 What’s happening in the pictures? Choose from these verbs:

  1. She’s taking a picture.
  2. He’s tying a shoelace.
  3. They’re crossing the road.
  4. He’s scratching his head.
  5. She’s hiding behind a tree.
  6. They’re waving to somebody.

1.2 The sentences on the right follow those on the left . Which sentence goes with which?

  1. Please don’t make so much noise. I’m trying to work.
  2. We need to leave soon. It’s getting late.
  3. I don’t have anywhere to live right now. I’m staying with friends.
  4. I need to eat something soon. I’m getting hungry.
  5. They don’t need their car any more. They’re trying to sell it.
  6. Things are not so good at work. The company is losing money.
  7. It isn’t true what they say. They’re lying.
  8. We’re going to get wet. It’s starting to rain.

1.3 Write questions. Use the present continuous.

  1. What’s all that noise? What’s happening?
  2. What’s the matter? Why are you crying?
  3. Where’s your mother? Is she working today?
  4. I haven’t seen you for ages. What are you doing these days?
  5. Amy is a student. What is she studying?
  6. Who are those people? What are they doing?
  7. I heard you started a new job. Are you enjoying it?
  8. We’re not in a hurry. Why are you walking so fast?

1.4 Put the verb into the correct form, positive (I’m doing etc.) or negative (I’m not doing etc.).

  1. Please don’t make so much noise. I’m trying to work.
  2. Let’s go out now. It isn’t raining any more.
  3. You can turn off the radio. I’m not listening to it.
  4. Kate phoned last night. She’s on holiday with friends. She is having a great time and doesn’t want to come back.
  5. Andrew started evening classes recently. He is learning Japanese.
  6. Paul and Sarah have had an argument and now they aren’t speaking to one another.
  7. The situation is already very bad and now it is getting worse.
  8. Tim isn’t working today. He’s taken the day off .
  9. I am looking for Sophie. Do you know where she is?
  10. The washing machine has been repaired. It is working now.
  11. They are building a new hospital. It will be finished next year.
  12. Ben is a student, but he’s not very happy. He isn’t enjoying his course.
  13. The weather is changing. Look at those clouds. I think it’s going to rain.
  14. Dan has been in the same job for a long time. He is starting to get bored with it.
Unit 2 : Present simple (I do)

2.1 Complete the sentences using the following verbs:

  1. Tanya speaks German very well.
  2. Ben and Jack go to the same school.
  3. Bad driving causes many accidents.
  4. The museum closes at 4 o’clock on Sundays.
  5. My parents live in a very small flat.
  6. The Olympic Games place take every four years.
  7. The Panama Canal connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

2.2 Put the verb into the correct form.

  1. Julia doesn’t drink tea very often.
  2. What time do the banks close here?
  3. I have a car, but I don’t use it much.
  4. Where does Maria come from? Is she Spanish?
  5. ‘What do you do?’ ‘I’m an electrician.’
  6. Look at this sentence. What does this word mean?
  7. David isn’t very fit. He doesn’t do any sport.
  8. It takes me an hour to get to work in the morning. How long does it take you?

2.3 Complete the sentences using these verbs. Sometimes you need the negative.

  1. The earth goes round the sun.
  2. Rice doesn’t grow in cold climates.
  3. The sun rises in the east.
  4. Bees make honey.
  5. Vegetarians don’t eat meat.
  6. An atheist doesn’t believe in God.
  7. An interpreter translate from one language into another.
  8. Liars are people who don’t tell the truth.
  9. The River Amazon flows into the Atlantic Ocean.

2.4 You ask Lisa questions about herself and her family. Write the questions.

  1. You know that Lisa plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask her.
    How often do you play tennis ?
  2. Perhaps Lisa’s sister plays tennis too. You want to know. Ask Lisa.
    Does your sister play tennis?
  3. You know that Lisa goes to the cinema a lot. You want to know how often. Ask her.
    How often do you go to the cinema?
  4. You know that Lisa’s brother works. You want to know what he does. Ask Lisa.
    What does your brother do?
  5. You’re not sure whether Lisa speaks Spanish. You want to know. Ask her.
    Do you speak spanish?
  6. You don’t know where Lisa’s grandparents live. You want to know. Ask Lisa.
    Where do your grandparents live?

2.5 Complete using the following:

  1. Mr Evans is not in the office today. I suggest you try calling him tomorrow.
  2. I won’t tell anybody what you said. I promise.
  3. (in a restaurant) You must let me pay for the meal. I insist.
  4. I apologise for what I said. I shouldn’t have said it. I apologise.
  5. The new restaurant in Baker Street is very good. I recommend it.
  6. I think you’re absolutely right. I agree with you.
Unit 3 : Present continuous and present simple 1
Unit 4 : Present continuous and present simple 2
Unit 5 : Past simple
Unit 6 : Past continuous

Kategoriler
Essential Grammar in Use

Singular And Plural

Kategoriler
Essential Grammar in Use

English Grammar in Use Word Order

Word Order

A verb + object : fiil + nesne

Sueboughtsome new shoesyesterday.
subjectverbobject

The verb (bought) and the object (some new shoes) are usually together. Fiil (bought) ve nesne (some new shoes) genelde birliktedir.
◌ Sue bought some new shoes yesterday. (not Sue bought yesterday some new shoes)

verbobject
He speaksEnglish very well. (not He speaks very well English)
I likeItalian food very much. (not I like very much …)
Did you watchTV all evening? (n o t … watch all evening TV)
Paul often wearsa black hat. (not Paul wears often …)
We inviteda lot of people to the party.
I openedthe door slowly.
Why do you always makethe same mistake?
I’m going to borrowsome money from a friend.

B where and when : nerede ve ne zaman

We wentto a partylast night.
where?when?

Place (where?) is usually before time (when?). We say:
◌ We went to a party last night. (not We went last night to a party)

Kategoriler
Essential Grammar in Use

01 Present to be am/is/are

1a.) am / is / are

◌ My name is Anna.
◌ I’m 22.
◌ My favorite color is blue.
◌ I’m American. I’m from Chicago.
◌ My favorite sports are tennis and swimming.
◌ I’m a student.
◌ I’m interested in art.
◌ My father is a doctor, and my mother is a journalist.
◌ I’m not interested in politics.

1b.) positive and negative

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Essential Grammar in Use

prepositions

PREPOSITION

1a.) at / on / in

at : bir zamanı belirtmek için kullanılır
at 8 o’clock : saat 8’de
at 10:30 : saat 10:30’da
at midnight : gece yarısında

◌ I start work at 8 o’clock. : Ben işe saat 8’de başlarım.
◌ The shops close at 5.30. : Mağazalar 5.30’da kapanır.

on :
on
Sunday : pazar günü
on Sundays : pazar günleri, pazarları
on Monday : pazartesi günü
on Mondays : pazartesi günleri, pazartesileri
on 25 April : 25 Nisan’da
on 6 June : 6 Haziran’da
on New Year’s Day : yılbaşı gününde

◌ Bye! I’ll see you on Friday. : Hoşça kalın! Cuma günü görüşürüz.
◌ What do you usually do on Sundays? : Pazar günleri genellikle ne yaparsınız?
◌ I don’t work on Sundays. : Pazar günleri çalışmıyorum.
◌ The concert is on 22 November. : Konser 22 Kasım’da.

in :
in April : nisan ayında
in June : haziran ayında
in 2013 : 2013 yılında
in 1988 : 1988 yılında
in summer : yazın
in spring : ilkbaharda

◌ I’m going on holiday in October. : Ben ekim ayında tatile gidiyorum.
◌ Emma was born in 1995. : Emma 1995’te doğdu.
◌ The park is beautiful in spring. : Park ilkbaharda güzeldir.

1b.) We say

at the weekend : hafta sonunda
at night : gece yarısında
at Christmas : noelde
at Easter : paskalyada
at the end of … : bir şeyin sonunda
at the moment : şimdi

◌ Are you going away at the weekend? : Hafta sonu uzaklara mı gidiyorsun?
◌ I can’t sleep at night. : Geceleri uyuyamıyorum.
◌ Where will you be at Christmas? (but on Christmas Day) : Noel’de nerede olacaksın?
◌ I’m going on holiday at the end of October. : Ekim ayının sonunda tatile gidiyorum.
◌ Are you busy at the moment? : Şu anda meşgul müsün?

1c.) in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening

in the morning : sabahleyin
in the afternoon : öğleden sonraları
in the evening : akşamleyin

◌ I always feel good in the morning. : Sabahları kendimi hep iyi hissediyorum.
◌ Do you often go out in the evening? : Akşamları sık sık dışarı çıkıyor musun?

but
on Monday morning : pazartesi sabahları
on Tuesday afternoon : Salı öğleden sonra
on Friday evening : cuma akşamları
on Saturday night : cumartesi gecesi

◌ I’m meeting Jackie on Monday morning. : Pazartesi sabahı Jackie ile buluşacağım.
◌ Are you doing anything on Saturday night? : Cumartesi gecesi bir şey yapıyor musun?

1d.) We do not use at / on / in before

We do not use at / on / in before : this, last, next ve every den önce at at / on / in kullanılmaz.

this … (this morning / this week etc) : bu
last … (last August / last week etc) : geçen
next … (next Monday / next week etc.) : önümüzdeki
every … (every day / every week etc.) : her

◌ Are you going out this evening? : Bu akşam dışarı çıkıyor musun?
◌ We go on holiday every summer. Last summer we went to Canada. : Biz her yaz tatile gideriz. Geçen yaz Kanada’ya gittik.
◌ I’m leaving next Monday. (not on next Monday) : Önümüzdeki Pazartesi ayrılıyorum.

1e.) in five minutes / in a few days / in six weeks / in two years etc.

in five minutes : beş dakika içerisinde
in a few days : birkaç gün içerisinde
in six weeks : altı hafta içerisinde
in two years : iki yıl içerisinde

◌ Hurry! The train leaves in five minutes. (= it leaves five minutes from now) : Acele et! Tren beş dakika içerisinde ayrılıyor. (= şimdiden sonra beş dakika içerisinde ayrılıyor)
◌ Bye! I’ll see you in a few days. (= a few days from now) : Hoşça kalın! Birkaç gün içerisinde görüşürüz. (= şimdiden birkaç gün sonra)

Kategoriler
Essential Grammar in Use

55 go to … / go on … / go for … / go -ing

55 go to … / go on … / go for … / go -ing

A go to … (go to work / go to London / go to a concert etc.)

◌ What time do you usually go to work?
◌ I’m going to China next week.
◌ Sophie didn’t want to go to the concert.
◌ ‘Where’s Tom?’ ‘He’s gone to bed.’
◌ I went to the dentist yesterday.

go to sleep = start to sleep :

◌ I was very tired and went to sleep quickly.

go home (without to)

◌ I’m going home now. (not going to home)

B go on …

go on holiday
go on a trip
go on a tour
go on a cruise
go on strike

◌ We’re going on holiday next week.
◌ Children often go on school trips.
◌ Workers at the airport have gone on strike. (= they are refusing to work)

C go for …

go (somewhere) for a walk
go (somewhere) for a run
go (somewhere) for a swim
go (somewhere) for a drink
go (somewhere) for a meal

◌ ‘Where’s Emma?’ ‘She’s gone for a walk.’
◌ Do you go for a run every morning?
◌ The water looks nice. I’m going for a swim.
◌ I met Chris in town, so we went for coffee.
◌ Shall we go out for a meal? I know a good restaurant.

D go + -ing

We use go + –ing for many sports (swimming / skiing etc.) and also shopping.

I go shopping
He is going swimming
We went fishing
They have gone sailing
She wants to go skiing
You go jogging

◌ Are you going shopping this afternoon?
◌ It’s a nice day. Let’s go swimming. (or Let’s go for a swim.)
◌ Richard has a small boat and he often goes sailing.
◌ I went jogging before breakfast this morning.

Kategoriler
İngilizce Dilbilgisi

İngilizce Düzensiz Fiiller (Irregular Verbs)

İngilizce Düzensiz Fiiller (Irregular Verbs)

Bazı düzensiz fiillerde verb 1., 2. ve 3. haller birbirinin aynısıdır. 

Present (v1)Past (v2)Past Participle (v3)Türkçesi
SetSetSetAyarlamak, belirlemek
UpsetUpsetUpsetAltüst etmek, bozulmak
ShedShedShedDökmek, akıtmak
BetBetBetBahse girmek 
BroadcastBroadcastBroadcastYayımlamak, duyurmak 
BurstBurstBurstPatlamak, had safhaya gelmek
CastCastCast Fırlatmak 
CostCostCostDeğer biçmek, etmek
CutCutCutKesmek
FitFit /FittedFit /FittedUymak, uydurmak, oturmak
HitHitHitVurmak, çarpmak
HurtHurtHurtYaralanmak, incitmek
LetLetLetİzin vermek
PutPutPutKoymak, yerleştirmek
ReadReadReadOkumak, eğitimini görmek
ShutShutShutKapamak, 
SlitSlitSlitSökmek, yırtmak
SplitSplitSplitBölmek, ayırmak
SpreadSpreadSpreadYaymak, yayılmak
ThrustThrustThrustSaldırmak, itmek

 Bazılarında verb 2. ve 3. hal birbirinin aynısı ama 1. hal farklıdır. 

Present (v1)Past (v2)Past Participle (v3)Türkçesi
BendBentBentBükmek, kıvırmak, eğmek
BindBoundBoundBağlamak, tutturmak, sarmak
BleedBledBledKanamak, sızdırmak
BringBroughtBroughtGetirmek, kazandırmak
BuildBuiltBuiltİnşa etmek, kurmak, örmek
Burn BurntBurntYanmak, yakmak
BuyBoughtBoughtSatın almak, pahasına elde etmek
CatchCaughtCaughtYakalamak, tutmak
DigDugDugKazmak, deşmek, dürtmek
DreamDreamtDreamtRüya görmek, hayal etmek
FeedFedFedBeslemek, beslenmek
FeelFeltFeltHissetmek, anlamak
FightFoughtFoughtDövüşmek, kavga etmek
FindFoundFoundBulmak, keşfetmek
FleeFledFledKaçmak, tüymek
HangHungHungAsmak, sarkıtmak
HaveHadHadSahip olmak, 
HearHeardHeardDuymak, kulak vermek
HoldHeldHeldElinde tutmak
KeepKeptKeptMuhafaza etmek, devam ettirmek
LayLaidLaidYatırmak, sermek
LeadLedLedYol göstermek, yönetmek
Learn LearntLearnt Öğrenmek, haber almak
LeaveLeftLeftTerk etmek
LendLentLentÖdünç vermek
LightLitLitAydınlatmak, yakmak
LoseLostLostKaybetmek, kaybolmak
MakeMadeMadeYapmak, sağlamak
QuitQuit/ QuittedQuit/ Quittedİstifa etmek, çekilmek, ayrılmak
MeanMeantMeantKastetmek, anlamına gelmek
PayPaidPaidÖdemek, karşılığını vermek
SeekSoughtSoughtAramak, araştırmak
SellSoldSoldSatmak, satılmak
SendSentSentGöndermek, yollamak
ShineShoneShoneParlamak, sivrilmek, ışıldamak
ShootShotShotAteş etmek, öldürmek
SleepSleptSleptUyumak
SlideSlidSlidKaymak
SmellSmeltSmeltKokmak, koklamak, sezmek
SpellSpeltSpeltHecelemek, harflerini söylemek
SpendSpentSpentHarcamak
SpoilSpoiltSpoiltBozmak, yıkmak
StandStoodStoodAyakta durmak
StickStuckStuck Yapışmak, ayrılmamak
StingStungStungKışkırtmak, tahrik etmek
StrikeStruckStruckVurmak, çarpmak
SweepSweptSweptSüpürmek, sürüklemek
SwingSwungSwungSallanmak
TellToldToldAnlatmak, haber vermek
TeachThoughtThoughtÖğretmek, ders vermek
ThinkThoughtThoughtDüşünmek, sanmak, planlamak
UnderstandUnderstoodUnderstoodAnlamak, kavramak
WinWonWonKazanmak
WindWoundWoundSarmak, kıvırmak

 Bazı düzensiz fiillerde ise 1. ve 2. hal birbirinin aynı olup sadece 3. hal farklıdır.

Present (v1)Past (v2)Past Participle (v3)Türkçesi
BeatBeatBeatenVurmak, yenmek

 Bazı düzensiz fiillerde ise 1. ve 3. hal birbirinin aynı olup sadece 2. hal farklıdır.

Present (v1)Past (v2)Past Participle (v3)Türkçesi
BecomeBecameBecomeOlmak, hâline gelmek 
ComeCameComeGelmek
RunRanRunKoşmak, kaçmak

 Bazı düzensiz fiillerde ise herhangi bir kurala ve ortak özelliği bağlı olmaksızın 3 hâl de birbirinden farklıdır. 

Present (v1)Past (v2)Past Participle (v3)Türkçesi
AriseAroseArisenYükselmek, ortaya çıkmak
AwakeAwokeAwokenUyanmak, uyandırmak
BeWas/ Were BeenOlmak, bulunmak
BearBoreBornDoğmak, katlanmak, üstlenmek
BeginBeganBegunBaşlamak
BiteBitBittenIsırmak, sokmak
BlowBlewBlownEsmek, uçurmak, üflemek
BreakBrokeBrokenKırmak, ara vermek
ChooseChoseChosenSeçmek, tercih etmek
DoDidDoneYapmak, etmek
DrawDrewDrawnÇizmek, düzenlemek
DrinkDrank Drunkİçmek
DriveDroveDrivenAraba kullanmak, çalıştırmak
EatAteEatenYemek
FallFellFallenDüşmek, yıkılmak
FlyFlewFlownUçmak, havalanmak
ForbidForbadeForbiddenYasaklamak, engel olmak
ForgetForgotForgottenUnutmak, ihmal etmek 
ForgiveForgaveForgivenAffetmek, kusuruna bakmamak
FreezeFrozeFrozenDonmak, dondurmak
GetGotGottenAlmak, kazanmak
GiveGaveGivenVermek, ödemek, hediye etmek
GoWentGoneGitmek
GrowGrewGrownYetiştirmek, büyütmek
HideHidHiddenSaklanmak, gizlemek
KnowKnewKnownBilmek, tanımak
MistakeMistookMistakenHata yapmak
RideRodeRiddenBinmek, arabayla gezmek
RingRangRungZili çalmak, çevrelemek
RiseRoseRisenYükselmek, kalkmak
SeeSawSeenGörmek
ShakeShookShakenSallamak, çalkalamak
ShowShowedShownGöstermek, sergilemek
SingSangSungŞarkı söylemek
SinkSankSunkBatırmak, mahvetmek
SpeakSpokeSpokenKonuşmak
StealStoleStolenÇalmak
SwearSworeSwornYemin etmek
SwimSwamSwumYüzmek
TakeTookTakenAlmak, götürmek
TearToreTornYırtmak, koparmak
WearWoreWornGiyinmek
WakeWokeWokenUyanmak, canlanmak
WriteWroteWrittenYazmak, yazarlık yapmak
WithdrawWithdrewWithdrawnGeri çekilmek, geri almak

Kategoriler
İngilizce Dilbilgisi

1.1. The Verb “Be” / “Olmak” Fiili

1.1. The Verb “Be” / “Olmak” Fiili

Sözcükleri rastgele bir araya getirerek cümle kuramayız. Cümle kurabilmemiz için mutlaka bir fiile ihtiyacımız vardır. “Be” fiili, “come, go, study, eat, become” vb. gibi asıl fiilimiz olmadığı zaman cümle kurmamızı sağlar. “Be” fiilinin şimdiki zaman ve geniş zaman biçimi aynıdır ve bu tense’lerle “am, is, are” biçiminde kullanılır.