English Grammar in Use

001 english grammar in use present continuous

Present continuous (I am doing)

A Study this example situation :

Sarah is in her car. She is on her way to work.
She is driving to work. (= She is driving …)

This means : she is driving now, at the time of speaking. The action is not finished.

am / is / are + -ing is the present continuous :

Iam( = I’m)driving
he / she / itis( = he’s etc.)working
we / you / theyare( = we’re etc.)doing etc.

B I am doing something = I started doing it and I haven’t finished ; I’m in the middle of doing it.

○ Please don’t make so much noise. I’m trying to work. (not I try)
○ ‘Where’s Mark?’ ‘He’s having a shower.’ (not He has a shower)
○ Let’s go out now. It isn’t raining any more. (not lt doesn’t rain)
○ How’s your new job? Are you enjoying it?
○ What’s all that noise? What’s going on? or What’s happening?

Sometimes the action is not happening at the time of speaking. For example:

Steve is talking to a friend on the phone. He says :
I’m reading a really good book at the moment. it’s about a man who …

Steve says ‘I’m reading …’ but he is not reading the book at the time of speaking.
He means that he has started reading the book, but has not finished it yet. He is in the middle of reading it.

Some more examples :
○ Kate wants to work in Italy, so she’s learning Italian. (but perhaps she isn’t learning Italian at the time of speaking)
○ Some friends of mine are building their own house. They hope to finish it next summer.